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Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy after failed gastric banding: is it really effective? Six years of follow-up

  • Author Footnotes
    1 SC and LG contributed equally to the present work and are co-first authors.
    Sergio Carandina
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: Sergio Carandina, M.D., Avenue de Stalingrad, 93100 Bobigny, Paris, France. Tel.:+33 6 77593954.
    Footnotes
    1 SC and LG contributed equally to the present work and are co-first authors.
    Affiliations
    Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Metabolic Surgery, Avicenne University Hospital. Centre Intégré Nord Francilien de la Prise en Charge de l’Obésité (CINFO). Université Paris XIII-UFR SMBH “Léonard de Vinci”, AP-HP, Bobigny, France

    Department of General and Bariatric Surgery, Clinique Bouchard, Marseille, France
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 SC and LG contributed equally to the present work and are co-first authors.
    Laurent Genser
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author: Laurent Genser, M.D; Assistance Publique-HôpitauxdeParis (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Liver Transplantation, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Pierre & Marie Curie University, Paris, France.
    Footnotes
    1 SC and LG contributed equally to the present work and are co-first authors.
    Affiliations
    Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Liver Transplantation, Pitié-Salpêtrière University Hospital, Pierre & Marie Curie University, Paris, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Manuela Bossi
    Affiliations
    Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Metabolic Surgery, Avicenne University Hospital. Centre Intégré Nord Francilien de la Prise en Charge de l’Obésité (CINFO). Université Paris XIII-UFR SMBH “Léonard de Vinci”, AP-HP, Bobigny, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Claude Polliand
    Affiliations
    Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Metabolic Surgery, Avicenne University Hospital. Centre Intégré Nord Francilien de la Prise en Charge de l’Obésité (CINFO). Université Paris XIII-UFR SMBH “Léonard de Vinci”, AP-HP, Bobigny, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Malek Tabbara
    Affiliations
    Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Metabolic Surgery, Avicenne University Hospital. Centre Intégré Nord Francilien de la Prise en Charge de l’Obésité (CINFO). Université Paris XIII-UFR SMBH “Léonard de Vinci”, AP-HP, Bobigny, France
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  • Christophe Barrat
    Affiliations
    Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Department of Digestive and Metabolic Surgery, Avicenne University Hospital. Centre Intégré Nord Francilien de la Prise en Charge de l’Obésité (CINFO). Université Paris XIII-UFR SMBH “Léonard de Vinci”, AP-HP, Bobigny, France
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 SC and LG contributed equally to the present work and are co-first authors.
Published:February 17, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2017.02.008

      Abstract

      Background

      Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become a valuable surgical option to rescue laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) failures.

      Objectives

      The aim of this study was to determine whether conversion to LSG after failed LAGB (CLSG) is a well-tolerated and effective rescue procedure compared with primary LSG (PLSG) in the long term.

      Setting

      University hospital, France.

      Methods

      A retrospective review of data concerning consecutive patients receiving a LSG between February 2008 and December 2014 was conducted. Mortality, postoperative complications, and weight loss outcomes were analyzed.

      Results

      Of 701 LSG, 601 (85.7%) were PLSG and 100 (14.3%) were CLSG. The mortality rate was 0%. Overall morbidity was comparable between the primary and conversion group (10% versus 6%, P = .27). The mean percentage of excess weight loss at 3, 36, and 72 months was 34.9%, 72.1%, and 57.2% after PLSG and 22.6%, 51.2% and 29.8% after CLSG (P<.05). The failure rate (mean percentage of excess weight loss<50%) was higher in the CLSG group during the first 5 postoperative years (P < .001) with more than two thirds of the CLSG considered as having failed at 60 months. Patients who underwent band ablation as a result of insufficient weight loss or weight regain presented the worst results after conversion to LSG.

      Conclusion

      In this study, the conversion of failed LAGB to LSG in 2 steps indicated a safety profile comparable to that of primary LSG but was significantly less effective from the early postoperative course (3 mo) up to 6 years postoperatively. CLSG may not be the best option because a third operation may be needed as a result of insufficient weight loss.

      Keywords

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