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Surgery-related gastrointestinal symptoms in a prospective study of bariatric surgery patients: 3-year follow-up

      Abstract

      Background

      Having accurate information on bariatric surgery-related gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is critical for patient care.

      Objective

      To report on surgery-related GI symptoms over the first 3 years following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic adjustable gastric band.

      Setting

      Three academic medical centers in the United States.

      Methods

      As a substudy of the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery Consortium, 183 participants (pre-surgery median body mass index = 45.1 kg/m2; median age = 46 yr; 83.1% female). completed the Eating Disorder Examination-Bariatric Surgery Version interview at≥1 annual assessment. Patients self-reported frequency of dysphagia, dumping syndrome, and spontaneous vomiting.

      Results

      Prevalence of dysphagia at least once weekly decreased post-laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery from 43.9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 32.2–55.6) in year 1 to 27.5% (95% CI, 15.2–39.9) in year 3 (P = .02). Dysphagia and dumping at least once weekly also appeared to decrease in years 1–3 post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (i.e., from 16.7% [95% CI, 9.4–24.1] to 10.9% [95% CI, 4.0–17.8] and from 9.9% [95% CI, 4.3–15.5] to 6.3% [95% CI, 1.7–10.9], respectively), but power was limited to evaluate trends. Vomiting at least once weekly was rare (<6%) in years 1–3 following both procedures. Controlling for potential confounders and surgical procedure, loss of control eating at least once weekly was associated with higher risk of at least once weekly dysphagia (relative risk = 2.01, 95% CI, 1.36–2.99, P = .001).

      Conclusions

      The prevalence of bariatric surgery-related GI symptoms appears to decrease across follow-up. Symptoms were associated with loss of control eating, suggesting a target for clinical intervention.

      Keywords

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