Original article| Volume 19, ISSUE 3, P204-211, March 2023

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Atrial dysrhythmias are independent predictors of serious complications and 30-day mortality after elective bariatric surgery: a retrospective study of 731,981 patients

Published:September 14, 2022DOI:



      The objectives of this study were to characterize the prevalence of atrial dysrhythmias for elective bariatric surgery patients and to explore their impact on postoperative outcomes.


      Data was extracted from the North American Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) data registry from 2015 to 2019.


      All primary Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy procedures were included. Patients with atrial dysrhythmias (ADs) were identified as patients coded as receiving preoperative therapeutic anticoagulation without a prior history of deep vein thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, or other conditions requiring anticoagulation. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the impact of preoperative ADs on postoperative complications and 30-day mortality.


      We evaluated 731,981 patients, of whom 13,591 (1.9%) had preoperative ADs. Patients with ADs were more likely to be older, have a higher body mass index, and be male. Metabolic co-morbidities also were more common in those with ADs, as demonstrated by the higher rates of medication use and insulin-dependent diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and sleep apnea. After adjusting for co-morbidities using multivariable logistic regression, AD was the single greatest independent predictor of serious complications and 30-day mortality.


      ADs were observed in approximately 2% of MBSAQIP patients. ADs are among the greatest independent predictors of serious complications and mortality, suggesting that these patients are associated with a higher perioperative risk profile warranting further optimization.


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