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Cardiac fat pat change after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Published:December 13, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2022.12.016

      Abstract

      Cardiac fat pad is a metabolically active organ that plays a role in energy homeostasis and cardiovascular diseases and generates inflammatory cytokines. Many studies have shown remarkable associations between cardiac fat thickness and cardiovascular diseases, making it a valuable target for interventions. Our meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effects of the 2 most popular bariatric surgeries (sleeve gastrectomy [SG] and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [RYGB]) in cardiac fat pad reduction. A systematic review of the literature was done by searching in Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and PubMed for articles published by September 16, 2022. This review followed the meta-analysis rules based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Nineteen studies met the inclusion criteria out of 128 potentially useful studies, including a total number of 822 patients. The results of subgroup analysis on the type of surgery showed that bariatric surgeries decreased the mean fat pad diameter, but the reduction was greater in SG than in RYGB. Epicardial and pericardial fat type showed a significant decrease of fat pad diameter. The results of subgroup analysis indicated RYGB had a significant reduction in mean fat pad volume. Computed tomography scan and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed a significant reduction of the mean cardiac fat pad volume. Epicardial and paracardial fat type showed a significant decrease in volume. The cardiac fat pad diameter and volume were significantly reduced after bariatric surgeries. SG showed greater reduction in fat pad diameter in comparison with RYGB, and RYGB had a significant reduction in mean fat pad volume.

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