Associations between psychological evaluation outcomes, psychiatric diagnoses, and outcomes through 12 months after bariatric surgery

Published:December 09, 2022DOI:


      • There were no significant differences in postoperative complications, readmissions, and ER visits between patients requiring follow-up and those who did not require follow-up.
      • Patients who required follow-up had higher weights over 12-months compared to those who did not require follow-up.
      • There were no differences in weight or %TWL from surgery over 12 months based on any psychiatric diagnosis or specifically a depression or anxiety diagnosis.



      There is limited evidence about how patients’ initial preoperative psychological evaluation outcomes (require follow-up [RFU], no required follow-up [NFU], and place on hold [POH]) and current psychiatric diagnoses associate with postoperative outcomes.


      To test the hypotheses that patients who receive a clinical decision of RFU versus NFU from their initial psychological evaluation will be (1) more likely to experience postoperative complications, readmissions, and emergency room visits and (2) experience less weight loss over 12-months. Specific diagnoses (any psychiatric diagnosis, depression, and anxiety) are also examined for their association with weight loss over 12 months.


      Midwestern medical center, United States.


      The sample included 322 patients (81.1% female and 64.0% White) with completed psychological evaluations between August 2019 and December 2020. Patient demographics, psychological evaluation outcomes, current diagnoses, and postoperative outcomes were extracted from the health record. Bivariate analyses determined associations between NFU/RFU and postoperative complications (yes, no), readmissions (yes, no), and emergency room visits (yes, no). Mixed multilevel models were conducted with dichotomous variables NFU/RFU, any psychiatric diagnoses (yes, no), depression diagnoses (yes, no), or anxiety diagnoses (yes, no) as the main fixed within-group factors with weight loss (weight or percent total weight loss) used as the repeated measures. Insurance and surgical procedure were included as covariates.


      There were no significant differences in postoperative complications, readmissions, and emergency room visits between NFU and RFU groups. Patients who received a RFU versus an NFU had higher weights over 12 months (P = .001).


      Hypothesis 2 was only partially supported. Patients who received an RFU versus an NFU had higher weights over 12 months, but this association was not found for percent total weight loss or any of the psychiatric within-subjects variables (i.e., psychiatric diagnoses, depression, and anxiety).


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