Original article|Articles in Press

Selection of patient-reported outcomes measures for implementation in the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation Quality Improvement Program

Published:February 08, 2023DOI:


      • Focus groups ranked health as the most important outcome for bariatric surgery.
      • Self-confidence, mobility, and every day activities were the next highest ranked.
      • The PROMIS-10 survey was selected as the general health measure.
      • The OP and the OWLQOL were the disease-specific measures selected for the MBSAQIP.



      The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) assesses safety after metabolic and bariatric surgery and the impact on weight and obesity-related diseases. However, changes in quality of life are likely what matters most to patients, and these are not currently assessed. The best way to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is to use validated patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs), which capture patients’ perspectives of their quality of life both before and after surgery.


      Identify the outcomes most important to bariatric surgery patients and identify the most appropriate validated PROMs to implement in a national program for the MBSAQIP.


      Five hospitals from a single healthcare system in New England.


      A series of 18 focus groups and/or interviews conducted with patients, patients’ family members, and bariatric health providers determined the outcomes most important to bariatric patients and which validated PROMs would accurately measure those outcomes. Immersion crystallization was used to analyze focus group data and identify appropriate PROMs.


      Focus group participants ranked health as the most important outcome for metabolic and bariatric surgery. Self-confidence, mobility, and everyday activities were the next highest ranked HRQoL domains. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 10-Item Global Health Survey was selected as the general health measure. The Obesity-Related Problems scale and the Obesity and Weight-Loss Quality of Life Instrument were the disease-specific measures selected for inclusion in the MBSAQIP PROMs program.


      The addition of PROMs to the MBSAQIP provides a unique opportunity to monitor HRQoL at the national level, which can foster improved shared decision-making before surgery.


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