- The question of whether pure metabolic surgery could be used in nonobese patients with type 2 diabetes has been considered. The objective of this study was to assess the comparative effects of the Billroth I (BI) and Billroth II (BII) reconstruction methods on remission of type 2 diabetes in nonobese patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy for cancer.
- The incidence of marginal ulceration after gastric bypass has been reported with significant variability (1–16%) . Although its pathogenesis is unclear, several factors are associated with ulcer formation, including acid exposure, ischemia, foreign body, medications, and tobacco. In general, pharmacologic therapy is highly effective for ulcer healing, and surgical intervention is usually reserved for complications—typically bleeding or perforation. Rarely, surgical intervention is indicated for cases refractory to medical therapy.
- Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is the most commonly performed surgical intervention for morbid obesity. Internal hernias are the most common cause of postoperative bowel obstruction after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, with a reported incidence of 3.1% despite mesenteric defect closure [1,2]. A less common cause of postoperative bowel obstruction is small bowel intussusception.